Selected Publications of Dr. Baldev Raj

 | Research Papers| Application Papers | Review Papers |


1. P. Johan Singh, C.K. Mukhopadhyay, T. Jayakumar, S.L. Mannan and Baldev Raj, 2006, Understanding fatigue crack propagation in AISI 316(N) weld using Elber’s crack closure concept: Experimental results from GCMOD and acoustic emission techniques, International Journal of Fatigue (in press). 

2. A.K. Tyagi, G. Mangamma, M. Kamruddin, S. Dash and Baldev Raj, 2006, Synthesis and characterization of nanocrystalline Cr2O3 and ZrO2 ceramic materials, Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (in press).

3. G. Gnanaprakash, S. Ayyappan, T. Jayakumar, John Philip and Baldev Raj, 2006, Magnetic nanoparticles with enhanced γ-Fe2O3 to
α-Fe2O3 phase transition temperature, Nanotechnology 17 (2006), pp. 5851-5857. 

4. Anish Kumar, T. Jayakumar and Baldev Raj, 2006, Influence of precipitation of intermetallics on Young’s modulus in nickel and zirconium base alloys, Philosophical Magazine Letters (in press). 

5. Baldev Raj, John Philip, K.V. Rajkumar and P. Kalyanasundaram, 2006, Effect of magnetic field on ultrasonic velocity in a magnetic nanofluid, INSA Journal Part B-Physical Sciences, 72(3), pp. 145-146. 

6. P.V. Sivaprasad, Sumantra Mandal, S. Venugopal, C. Narayanan, V. Shanmugam and Baldev Raj, 2006, Artificial neural network modelling of the tensile properties of indigeneously developed 15Cr-15Ni-2.2Mo-Ti modified austenitic stainless steel, Transaction of Indian Institute of Metals, 59(4), pp. 437-445. 

7. M. Vasudevan, A.K. Bhaduri, Baldev Raj and K. Prasad Rao, 2006, Artificial neural network modelling of solidification mode in austenitic stainless steel welds, Material Science & Technology (in press). 

8. T. Karthikeyan, Arup Dasgupta, P. Magudapathy, S. Saroja, M. Vijayalakshmi, K.G.M. Nair, K.P.N. Murthy and Baldev Raj, 2005, Microstructure, microchemistry, and prediction of long term diffusion behaviour of chloride in concrete, Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance 15(5), pp. 581-590. 

9. P. Chellapandi, R. Srinivasan, S.C. Chetal and Baldev Raj, 2006, Experimental creep life assessment of tubular structures with geometrical imperfections in welds with reference to fast reactor plant life, Journal of Pressure Vessels & Piping 83, pp 556-564. 

10. Baldev Raj and U. Kamachi Mudali, 2006, Materials development and corrosion problems in nuclear fuel reprocessing plants, Progress in Nuclear Energy 48, pp. 283-313. 

11. C.K. Mukhopadhyay, S. Venugopal, T. Jayakumar, R. Nagarajan, S.L. Mannan and Baldev Raj, 2006, Acoustic emission monitoring during turning of metal matrix composite and tool wear, Materials Evaluation 64(3), pp. 323-330. 

12. P. Gopalan, R. Rajaraman, G. Amarendra, C.S. Sundar, B. Viswanathan, T. Jayakumar, P. Palanichamy and Baldev Raj, 2005, Characterization of
β-quenched and thermally aged Zircaloy-2 by positron annihilation, hardness and ultrasonic velocity measurements, Journal of Nuclear Materials 345 (2-3), pp. 162-166. 

13. B. Venkataraman, Baldev Raj and M. Menaka, 2005, Online infrared detection of inclusions and lack of penetration during welding, Materials Evaluation, pp. 933-937. 

14. H. Shaikh, N. Sivaibharasi, B. Sasi, T. Anita, R. Amrithalingam, B.P.C. Rao, T. Jayakumar, H.S. Khatak and Baldev Raj, 2004, Use of eddy current testing method in detection and evaluation of sensitisation and intergranular corrosion in austenitic stainless steels, Corrosion Science, 48, pp. 1462-1482. 

15. B. Venkataraman, C.K. Mukhopadhyay and Baldev Raj, 2004, Effect of variation of strain rate on thermal and acoustic emission during tensile deformation of nuclear grade AISI type 316 stainless steel, Materials Science & Technology, Vol.20, pp. 1310-1316. 

16. P. Mukherjee, A. Sarkar, P. Barat, Baldev Raj and U. Kamachi Mudali, 2005, Microstructural studies on lattice imperfections in irradiated titanium and Ti-5%Ta-2%Nb by X-ray diffraction line profile analysis, Metallurgical & Materials Transactions 36A, pp. 2351-2360. 

17. M. Vasudevan, B.P.C. Rao, B. Venkataraman, T. Jayakumar and Baldev Raj, 2005, Artificial neural network modelling for evaluating austentic stainless steel and zircalloy-2 welds, Journal of Materials Processing Technology 169(3), pp. 396-400. 

18. Baldev Raj, P. Kalyanasundaram, T. Jayakumar, C. Babu Rao, B. Venkataraman, U. Kamachi Mudali, A. Joseph, Anish Kumar and K.V. Rajkumar, 2005, Nondestructive evaluation of Delhi Iron Pillar, Current Science 88(12), pp. 1948-1956. 

19. T. Jayakumar, C.K. Mukhopadhyay, S.Venugopal, S.L. Mannan and Baldev Raj, 2004, A review of the application of acoustic emission techniques for monitoring forming and grinding processes, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 159, pp. 48-61. 

20. U. Kamachi Mudali, B.M. Ananda Rao, K. Shanmugam, R. Natarajan and Baldev Raj, 2003, Corrosion and microstructural aspects of dissimilar joints of titanium and type 304 L stainless steel, Journal of Nuclear Materials 321, pp. 40-48. 

21. S. Vaidyanathan, B.P.C. Rao, T. Jayakumar and Baldev Raj, 2003, Developments in instrumentation and automation for NDE applications: In-house experience in the Department of Atomic Energy – Part III: Development of remote field eddy current testing, INSIGHT 45, pp 77.  

22. P. Shankar, P. Palanichamy, T. Jayakumar, Baldev Raj and S. Ranganathan, 2003, Nitrogen redistribution, microstructure and elastic constant evaluation using ultrasonics in aged 316LN stainless steels, Metallurgical & Materials Transactions 32A(12), pp. 2959-2968. 

23. John Philip, G. Gnana Prakash, T. Jayakumar, P. Kalyanasundaram and Baldev Raj, 2003, Three distinct scenarios under polymer, surfactant and colloidal interaction, Macromolecules, The Americal Chemical Society 36(24), pp. 9230-9236. 

24. R. Krishnan, R. Kesavamoorthy, S. Dash, A.K. Tyagi and Baldev Raj, 2003, Raman spectroscopic and photoluminescence investigations on laser surface modified
α-Al2O3 coatings, Scripta Materialia 48, pp.1099-1104. 

25. Anish Kumar, T. Jayakumar, Baldev Raj and K.K. Ray, 2003, Correlation between ultrasonic shear wave velocity and Poisson’s ratio for isotropic solid materials, Acta Materialia 51, pp.2417-2426. 

26. T. Jayakumar and Baldev Raj, 2003, Nondestructive characterization of precipitants in nuclear materials using ultrasonic and micromagnetic techniques, Effects of Radiation on Materials, ASTM STP 1447, M.L. Grossbeck (Ed.), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA 2003, USA (2003). 

27. John Philip, G. Gnana Prakash, T. Jayakumar, P. Kalyanasundaram, O. Mondain-Monval and Baldev Raj, 2002, Interaction between emulsion droplets in the presence of polymer-surfactant complexes, Langmuir, The American Chemical Society’s Journal of Surfaces & Colloids 18, pp.4625-4631. 

28. U. Kamachi Mudali, P. Shankar, S. Ningshen, R.K. Dayal, H.S. Khatak and Baldev Raj, 2002, On the pitting corrosion resistance of nitrogen alloyed cold worked austenitic stainless steel, Corrosion Science 44, pp. 2183-2198. 

29. V. Karthik, K.V. Kasiviswanathan, K. Laha, and Baldev Raj, 2002, Determination of gradients in mechanical properties of 2.25Cr-1Mo weldments using shear-punch tests, AWS-Welding Journal Research Supplement, pp. 265-272. 

30. B.P.C. Rao, Baldev Raj, T. Jayakumar and P. Kalyanasundaram, 2002, An artificial neural network for eddy current testing of austenitic stainless steel welds, NDT & E International 35(6), pp. 393-398. 

31. R. Krishnan, S. Dash, C. Babu Rao, R.V. Subba Rao, A.K. Tyagi and Baldev Raj, 2001, Laser induced structural and microstructural transformations of plasma sprayed Al2O3 coatings, Scripta Materialia 45, pp. 693-700. 

32. V. Rajendran, N. Palanivelu, P. Palanichamy, T. Jayakumar, Baldev Raj and B.K. Choudhuri, 2001, Ultrasonic characterization of ferroelectric BaTiO3 doped lead-bismuth oxide semiconducting glasses, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids 296, pp. 39-49. 

33. S. Vaidyanathan, V. Moorthy, T. Jayakumar and Baldev Raj, 2000, Evaluation of induction hardned case depth through microstructural characterisation using magnetic Barkhausen emission, Materials Science & Technology 16, pp. 202-208. 

34. S. Dash, M. Kamruddin, P.K Ajikumar, A.K. Tyagi and Baldev Raj, 2000, Nanocrystalline and metastable phase formation in vacuum thermal decomposition of calcium carbonate, Thermochimica Acta 363, pp. 129-135. 

35. M.T. Shyamsundar, C. Rajagopalan, Baldev Raj, S.K. Dewangan, B.P.C. Rao and K.K. Ray, 2000, Pattern recognition approaches for the detection and characterisation of defects by eddy current testing, Invited for publication in Special Issue of Materials Evaluation 58(1), pp. 93-101. 

36. B.P.C. Rao, Baldev Raj, T. Jayakumar and P. Kalyanasundaram, 2001, A new approach for restorastion of eddy current images, Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation, Plenum Publishing, 20(2), pp. 61-72. 

37. V. Moorthy, B.K. Choudhary, S. Vaidyanathan, T. Jayakumar, K.B.S. Rao and Baldev Raj, 1999, An assessment of low cycle fatigue damage using magnetic Barkhausen emission in 9Cr-1Mo ferritic steel, International Journal of Fatigue 21, pp. 263-269. 

38. T. Jayakumar, P. Palanichamy and Baldev Raj, 1998, Detection of hard inter-metallics in beta-quenched and termally aged Zircaloy-2 using ultrasonic measurements, Journal of Nuclear Materials 255, pp. 243-249. 

39. V. Moorthy, S. Vaidyanathan, T. Jayakumar and Baldev Raj, 1998, On the influence of tempered microstructures on magnetic Barkhausen emission in ferritic steels, Philosophical Magazine A 77(6), pp. 1499-1514. 

40. V. Moorthy, S. Vaidyanathan, T. Jayakumar and Baldev Raj, 1997, Microstructural characterization of quenched and tempered 0.2% carbon steel using Magnetic Barkhausen noise analysis, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 171, pp. 179-189. 

41. B.P.C. Rao, C. Babu Rao, T. Jayakumar and Baldev Raj, 1996, Simulation of eddy current signals from multiple defects, Special issue of the “NDT & E International”, based on the best paper presented in the 8th Asian Pacific Conference on NDT, Vol.29, pp. 269-273. 

42. P. Palanichamy, A. Joseph, T. Jayakumar and Baldev Raj, 1995, Ultrasonic velocity measurements for estimation of grain size in austenitic stainless steel, NDT & E International 28(3), pp. 179-185. 

43. T. Jayakumar, T.D. Koble, W.A. Theiner and Baldev Raj, 1993, Magnetic methods for characterisation of cold rolled AISI type 304 stainless steel, NDT & E International 10, pp. 205-214. 

44. D.K. Bhattacharya, T. Jayakumar, V. Moorthy, S. Vaidyanathan and Baldev Raj, 1993, Characterisation of microstructures in 17-4 PH stainless steel by magnetic Barkhausen noise analysis, Commemorative Edition of the 13th WCNDT, Sao Paulo, Brazil, October 1992, NDT & E International 26(3), pp.141-148. (One of the 8 papers selected out of more than 300 papers accepted for presentation). 

45. Baldev Raj and T. Jayakumar, 1991, Acoustic emission during tensile deformation and fracture in austenitic alloys, American Society for Materials Testing, ASTM-STP-1077, pp. 218-241. 

46. T. Jayakumar, Baldev Raj, D.K. Bhattacharya, P. Rodriguez and O. Prabhakar, 1991, Influence of coherent of γ
' on acoustic emission generated duringtensile deformation in nimonic alloy PE16, Materials science and engineering A 150, pp. 51-58. 

47. Baldev Raj, G. Ananthakrishna, P. Kalyanasundaram, P. Barat and T. Jayakumar, 1990, Stimulated amplification of acoustic emission signals during deformation, Scripta Metallurgica 24, pp.69-74. 

48. Baldev Raj, B.B. Jha and P. Rodriguez, 1989, Frequency spectrum analysis of acoustic emission signal obtained during tensile deformation and fracture of an AISI type 316 stainless steel, Acta Metallurgica 37(8), pp. 2211-2215. 

49. Baldev Raj, B.B. Jha, A.S. Khanna, and D.K. Bhattacharya, 1991, Acoustic emission studies towards better understanding of high temperature oxidation in Cr-Mo steels, International journal of pressure vessels and piping, 45, pp. 301-326. 

50. A.S. Khanna, B.B. Jha and Baldev Raj, 1985, Detection of breakaway oxidation and spalling in the oxide scales of 2.25Cr-1Mo steel using acoustic emission technique, Oxidation of Metals 23(3/4), pp. 159-176. 


1. C. Babu Rao, A.V. Anantha Lakshmi, R Kesavamoorthy and Baldev Raj, Inspection of the surface of thin wires using laser scattering at oblique illumination, Insight, 40(8), pp. 567-572. 

2. M. Vasudevan, Baldev Raj and K. Prasad Rao, 2005, Development of neural network models for prediction of solidification mode, weld bead geometry and sensitization in austenitic stainless steels, International Journal of Nuclear Energy Science & Technology 1(2/3), pp. 232-245. 

3. S. Murugan, Sanjai K. Rai, P.V. Kumar, T. Jayakumar, Baldev Raj and M.S.C. Bose, 2005, Temperature distribution and residual stresses due to multipass welding in type 304 stainless steel and low carbon steel weld pads, International Journal of Pressure Vessels & Piping, Vol. 78(4), pp. 307-317. 

4. B. Venkataraman, T. Saravanan, T. Jayakumar, P. Kalyanasundaram and Baldev Raj, 2004, Assessment of weld joints of steam generator of Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor by microfocal radiography, Journal of Canadian Institute for NDE 25(4), pp. 6-12. 

5. S.L. Mannan, S.C. Chetal, Baldev Raj and S.B. Bhoje, 2003, Selection of materials for prototype fast breeder reactor, Transactions of Indian Institute of Metals 56(2), pp. 155-178. 

6. Baldev Raj, S.L. Mannan, P.R. Vasudeva Rao and M.D. Mathew, 2002, Development of fuels and structural materials for Fast Breeder Reactors, Sadhana 27(5), pp. 527-558. 

7. John Philip, T. Jayakumar and Baldev Raj, 2002, Laser based etching (LBE) technique for metallography and ceramography, Materials Science & Engineering A338, pp. 17-23. 

8. Anish Kumar, K. Laha, T. Jayakumar, K. Bhanu Sankara Rao and Baldev Raj, 2001, Imaging of modified 9Cr-1Mo ferritic steel weldment via ultrasonic velocity measurements, Science & Technology of Welding & Joining 6(6), pp. 383-386. 

9. Anish Kumar, Baldev Raj, P. Kalyanasundaram, T. Jayakumar and M. Thavasimuthu, 2002, Structural integrity assessment of the containment structure of a pressurized heavy water nuclear reactor using impact-echo technique, NDT & E International 35, pp. 213-220. 

10. Baldev Raj, 2000, Intelligent processing of materials – Vision for materials manufacturing in 21st Century, Transactions of the Indian Institute of Metals, 53(4-5), pp. 543-564. 

11. John Philip, C. Babu Rao, T. Jayakumar and Baldev Raj, 2000, A new optical technique for detection of defects in ferromagnetic materials and components, NDT & E International 33, pp. 289-295. 

12. T. Jayakumar, N.G. Muralidharan, N. Raghu, K.V. Kasiviswanathan and Baldev Raj, 1999, Failure analysis towards reliable performance of aeroengines, Defence Science Journal 49(4), pp. 311-316. 

13. C.V. Subramanian, M. Thavasimuthu, C. Rajagopalan, P. Kalyanasundaram and Baldev Raj, 1995, Ultrasonic test procedure for evaluating fuel clad endcap weld joints of PHWRs, Materials Evaluation 53(11), pp. 1290-1295. 

14. M.T. Shyamsunder, B.P.C. Rao, C. Babu Rao, D.K. Bhattacharya and Baldev Raj, 1994, A new tandem probe design for phased-array eddy current design, INSIGHT (British Journal of NDT) 36, pp. 434-436. 

15. C. Phaniraj, B.K. Choudary, K. Bhanu shankara rao and Baldev Raj, 2003, Relation between time to reach monkman-grant ductility and rupture life, Scripta Materialia, 48, pp. 1313-1318. 

16. B.P.C. Rao, M.T. Shyamsunder, P. Kalyanasundaram, D.K.Bhattacharya and Baldev Raj, 1992, Development of eddy current test techniques for condition monitoring of pressure tube/calandria tube assemblies of Indian PHWRs, British J. of NDT 33, pp. 437-440. 

17. P. Kalyanasundaram, Baldev Raj, K.V. Kasiviswanathan, T. Jayakumar, and C.R.L. Murthy, 1992, Leak detection in pressure tubes of a pressurised heavy water reactor by AE technique, INSIGHT (British Journal of NDT) 34(11), pp. 539-543. 

18. N. Raghu, N.G. Muralidharan, T. Jayakumar, K.V. Kasiviswanathan and Baldev Raj, 2000, Failure analysis of turbine blades from aeroengines, Transaction of IIM – Special Issue on Creep, Fatigue and Creep-Fatigue Interaction 53(3), pp. 451-455. 

19. Rakesh Kaul, N.G. Muralidharan, T. Jayakumar, K.V. Kasiviswanathan, Baldev Raj, R.K. Dayal, V.R. Raju, S. Pattu and J.B. Gnanamoorthy, 1995, Failure analysis of carbonate reboiler heat exchangers, Journal of Engineering Failure Analysis 12(3), pp. 165-174.  

20. N.G. Muralidharan, Rakesh Kaul, K.V. Kasiviswanathan, T. Jayakumar and Baldev Raj, 1996, Failure analysis of an ammonia refrigerant condenser tube, Journal of Materials Engineering & Performance 5, pp. 241-246. 

21. N.G. Muralidharan, Rakesh Kaul, K.V. Kasiviswanathan and Baldev Raj, 1991, Failure analysis of AISI 347 bellow, Practical Metallography 28, pp. 662-668. 

22. C. Babu Rao, B. Venkataraman, M.T. Shyamsunder, Baldev Raj and D.K.Bhattacharya, 1987, Precise twist measurement by laser holographic interferometry, Journal of Experimental Techniques, pp. 26-28. 

23. E.C. Lopez, C. Babu Rao, D.K. Bhattacharya and Baldev Raj, 1986, Measurement of focal spot in microfocal radiography, INSIGHT (British Journal of NDT), pp. 299-300.  

24. T. Jayakumar, D.K. Bhattacharya and Baldev Raj, 1982, Failure of an Inconel 600- bellow, Practical Metallography 19, pp. 717-723. 

25. P. Barat, Baldev Raj and D.K. Bhattacharya, 1982, A standardised procedure for eddy current testing of stainless steel, thin-walled nuclear fuel element cladding tubes, NDT International, pp. 251-255. 


1. Baldev Raj and M. Vijayalakshmi, 2006, Emerging trends in processing of non-ferrous metals: Challenges in nuclear industry, Transactions of Indian Institute of Metals. 

2. Baldev Raj, S.L. Mannan, K.V. Kasiviswanathan, M.D. Mathew, V. Karthik, C.N. Venkiteswaran, M.Saibaba and P. Puthiyavinayagam, 2006, High burn-up issues in fast breeder reactor fuels and structural materials, Metals Materials & Processes 18(1), pp. 1-16. 

3. Baldev Raj, Prabhat Kumar, S. Krishnamurthy, S.C. Chetal, P.Swaminathan, Y.C. Manjunatha and C. Sivathanu Pillai, 2006, Management of Tsunami at Kalpakkam: Current status and plan, The Great Indian Ocean Tsunami of 2004 – An Overview of a National Disaster, Sangeetha Menon (Ed.), National Institute of Advanced Studies, Bangalore, pp. 124-139. 

4. Baldev Raj, 2005, Materials Research and Development at Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, FACETS – Journal of International Union of Materials Research Vol. 4(4), pp. 5-9. 

5. Baldev Raj, H.S. Kamath, R. Natarajan and P.R. Vasudeva Rao, 2005, A perspective on fast reactor fuel cycle in India, Progress in Nuclear Energy 47(1-4), pp. 369-379. 

6. Baldev Raj, An overview of R&D on fast reactor fuel cycle, 2005, International Journal of Nuclear Energy Science & Technology 1(2/3), pp. 164-177. 

7. Baldev Raj, P.V. Sivaprasad and S. Venugopal, 2004, Microstructure driven thermomechanical process design, International Conference on Thermo-mechanical Simulations and Processing of Steels, Ranchi, published by Tata McGraw Hill. 

8. Baldev Raj, V. Moorthy, T. Jayakumar and K. Bhanu Sankara Rao, 2003, Assessment of microstructures and mechanical behaviour of metallic materials through non-destructive characterization, International Materials Reviews 48(5), pp. 273-325. 

9. Baldev Raj, P.Palanichamy and T. Jayakumar, 2003, Science and technology of non-destructive testing, evaluation and characterization, INSIGHT (British Journal of NDT), Vol. 45, No.1, pp 15-30. 

10. U. Kamachi Mudali T.M. Sridhar and Baldev Raj, 2003, Corrosion of bio implants, Special Issue “Frontiers in Materials Science” Part II (Guest Editors Baldev Raj & K. Bhanu Sankara Rao), Sadhana, Indian Academy of Sciences Proceedings in Engineering Sciences, 28 Parts 3 & 4, pp. 601-637. 

11. Baldev Raj and K. Bhanu Sankara Rao 2003, Creep and Fatigue of High Temperature Materials – An overview, Proceedings, short course on “Fatigue and Fracture of Materials and Industrial components”, IIT Madras, Dec 3-7 2001. (Eds) S. D. Pathak, S. Ganesh Sudara Raman and M. Kamaraj, BR1-BR36. 

12. Baldev Raj, U. Kamachi Mudali, T. Jayakumar, K.V. Kasiviswanathan and R. Natarajan, 2000, Meeting the challenges related to material issues in chemical industries, Sadhana 25(6), pp. 519-559. 

13. Baldev Raj and C.V. Subramanian, 1999, Nondestructive testing of welds, Materials Evaluation 57(12), pp. 1251-1254. 

14. C. Rajagopalan, Baldev Raj and P. Kalyanasundaram, 1996, The role of artificial intelligence in non-destructive testing and evaluation, INSIGHT (British Journal of NDT) 38(2), pp.118-123. 

15. B.V.R. Tata and Baldev Raj, 1998, Confocal laser scanning microscopy: Applications in material science and technology, Bulletin of Materials Science 21(4), pp. 263-278. 

16. P. Rodriguez and Baldev Raj, 1997, Development of in-service inspection techniques for nuclear power plants in India, International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping 73, pp. 59-68. 

17. Baldev Raj, 1996, A perspective on materials characterisation for technology advancement and industrial growth: Emphasis on non-destructive evaluation, (Presidential Address, Platinum Jubilee and Invited Lectures at the 82nd Indian Science Congress, Calcutta, January (1995); Special Issue of Bulletin of Materials Science, 19(6), pp. 839-855. 

18. Baldev Raj, T. Jayakumar and B.P.C. Rao, 1995, Nondestructive testing and evaluation for structural integrity, Special Issue of Sadhana on “Integrity of Engineering Components” (Eds.) P. Ramachandra Rao and O.N. Mohanty, 20, pp. 5-38 (Invited). 

19. Baldev Raj and B.B. Jha, 1994, Fundamentals of Acoustic Emission, British Journal of Nondestructive Testing, 36(1), pp.16-23. 

20. Baldev Raj and P.G. Kulkarni, 1986, Status of eddy current testing in India, Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping 23, pp. 9-20 (Invited). 

21. Baldev Raj, B. Venkataraman and M. Vijayalakshmi, 2005, Metallurgy: Bronzes of South Indian, Encyclopedia of Classical Indian Sciences: Natural Sciences, Technology and Medicine, USA, pp. 264-273. 

22. Baldev Raj, 2001, Nondestructive testing and evaluation: Overview, Encyclopedia of Materials: Science & Technology, Elsevier Science Publishers, pp. 6177-6185. 

23. Baldev Raj and K. Bhanu Sankara Rao, 2001, Mechanical Testing – Overview, Encyclopedia of Materials: Science & Technology, Elsevier Science Publishers, pp. 5277-5291. 

24. C.V. Sundaram, Baldev Raj and C. Rajagopalan, History of Metallurgy in India, Invited paper “Chemistry, and Chemical Technical Techniques in India”, Chapter I in History of Science, Philosophy and Culture in Indian Civilization”, B.V. Subbarayappa (Ed), published by Centre for Studies in Civilizations Vol. IV, Part I (1999), p. 23-53. 

25. Baldev Raj 2007, Metallurgy in Ancient India, Science in India: Past and Presence, Edited by B.V. Subbarayappa, Nehru centre, Mumbai, pp. 238-283. 

Home | Previous | Next |Top

Back to Home